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How to grow red roses from seeds at home

Growing red roses from seeds at home is a rewarding experience that requires patience and care. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a beginner, the process of nurturing a rose from seed to bloom is truly magical. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you successfully grow red roses from seeds.

1. Collecting Seeds

  • Timing: Collect seeds in late summer or early autumn after the rose hips have ripened but before they open.
  • Harvesting: Cut the rose hips from the plant and slice them open to extract the seeds. Be sure to wear gloves to avoid thorns.

2. Preparing Seeds

  • Cleaning: Rinse the seeds under running water to remove any pulp or residue.
  • Stratification: To mimic natural winter conditions and stimulate germination, seeds need cold stratification. Mix the seeds with slightly moistened sterile sand or vermiculite, place them in a sealable plastic bag, and store them in the refrigerator for about 10 to 12 weeks.

3. Planting Seeds

  • Soil Preparation: After stratification, prepare small pots with well-draining soil mix. You can use a mix of peat, perlite, and vermiculite.
  • Sowing: Plant the seeds about ¼ inch deep in the soil. Space them out to prevent overcrowding.
  • Watering: Gently water the seeds, ensuring the soil is moist but not waterlogged.

4. Germination

  • Environment: Keep the pots in a warm, bright spot. A windowsill that receives indirect sunlight is ideal. If necessary, use a grow light to provide sufficient light.
  • Care: Keep the soil consistently moist. Germination can take anywhere from four weeks to three months, so patience is key.

5. Seedling Care

  • Thinning: Once seedlings have sprouted and grown a few sets of leaves, thin them out by removing weaker seedlings to give the stronger ones more space to grow.
  • Transplanting: When seedlings are strong enough and the risk of frost has passed, you can transplant them outdoors. Choose a sunny spot with well-draining soil.

6. Ongoing Care

  • Watering: Roses need regular watering, especially during dry periods. However, avoid overhead watering to prevent leaf diseases.
  • Fertilizing: Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer designed for roses. Begin fertilizing a couple of months after planting.
  • Pruning: Prune roses in late winter or early spring to shape the plant and encourage healthy growth.

7. Patience and Persistence

Growing roses from seeds is a test of patience, as it can take two to three years for them to bloom fully. However, the satisfaction of seeing your roses bloom is well worth the wait.


Growing red roses from seeds at home is a fulfilling project that beautifies your garden and brings joy to your heart. By following these steps and providing your roses with the care they need, you’ll be rewarded with stunning blooms that are a testament to your gardening skills and dedication. Remember, every rose starts as a seed, and with time and care, it can grow into a symbol of beauty and love.



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